Gardening

Part 1: the history and folklore of your incredible, edible pumpkin

Tyrant Farms' Winter Squash & Pumpkins

Learn amazing pumpkin folklore, plus modern pumpkin facts and figures that will change the way you look at this delectable fall food.

Pumpkin History & Folklore - Tyrant Farms

The History of the Jack-O-Lantern

If you’ve driven through a typical American neighborhood this time of year, you’ve probably noticed that many people have a carved pumpkins on their porch. These “jack-o-lanterns” are often carved into scary, ghoulish caricatures.

The noble reason for this tradition is adults’ desire to warn kids of what they’ll look and feel like if they choose to make high fructose corn syrup candy the staple of their diets, instead of good wholesome fruits & veggies like pumpkins.

In all seriousness, our modern versions of Halloween and the Jack-o-Lantern are marvelous cultural mashups of “new world” & European folkloric traditions whose origins date back thousands of years. Rather than go through all the historical details here, anyone interested in learning more about these origins should read more about Samhain, the Gaelic harvest festival. You’ll also see origins of our modern tradition in the Catholic celebration known as All Saints Day.

The American tradition of carving pumpkin Jack-O-Lanterns dates back to at least 1836, and was borrowed from the European tradition of carving jack-o-lanterns from large turnips. (Europe didn’t have pumpkins when the tradition started, since pumpkins are native to the Americas.)

In parts of Europe, there were folktales of a clever farmer named Jack whose favorite food was a turnip. In one of the most popular stories about Jack, he managed to trick the devil into becoming a silver coin. Then Jack held the devil hostage in his wallet with a cross, rendering him powerless.

In exchange for Jack releasing him from his wallet, the devil promised Jack he wouldn’t take his soul. However, Jack may have been too clever for his own good…

He was supposedly too sinful throughout his life to be granted entrance into heaven, thus dooming him to a state of purgatory here on earth. Since the devil couldn’t take Jack’s soul, he spitefully threw Jack an eternal flame from hell. Jack then used the flame to light the inside of his favorite food, the turnip, where his soul would take up shelter during the fall harvest season.

For the rest of the year, Jack’s flame could be seen wandering through the Europe’s marshes, bogs, and swamps. This folktale provided a much-needed explanation for the spooky blue orb-like flames that hover above these bodies of water as a result of ignited, “cold-burning” swamp gasses, aka “ignis fatuus.”

In other parts of Europe, people also used their turnip jack-o-lanterns to ward off evil spirits from entering their homes, since these spirits were said to be particularly active during the “dark half of the year.”

So, when you’re lighting your jack-o-lantern, make sure you say hello to ol’ Jack. Also, make sure that you save your pumpkin when the candle goes out. After all, pumpkins are one delicious, nutritious food that you don’t want to waste — especially if you got them from an organic farm or grew them yourself.

Amazing Pumpkin Facts & Figures

World's largest pumpkin weighing in at 2009 pounds

World’s largest pumpkin, weighing in at 2009 pounds. Photo from http://pumpkinnook.com/.

A native of North America, pumpkins are actually a winter squash in the family Cucurbita.

Pumpkins range in weight from a few pounds to massive “Atlantic Giant” varieties, one of which recently set a new world record for the world’s largest pumpkin at 2,009 pounds.

Archaeologists excavating a tomb in central Mexico, unearthed the oldest known pumpkin seeds ever found, which date back 7,000 years!

Pumpkins are also one of the most versatile foods on the planet, and are used in a huge variety of foods & drinks including breads, pies, puddings, pastas, soups, dressings, alcoholic beverages, coffee flavoring, and more.

pumpkin pie fresh out of the oven at Tyrant Farms

Our adorable niece, Alli, patiently observing a homemade pumpkin pie, fresh out of the oven.

The US now grows over 1.5 billion pounds of pumpkins per year. 95% of those pumpkins are grown in Illinois.

85% of all pumpkins grown in the US are produced by Libby. Libby is a subsidiary of Nestlé, the massive Swiss-based company that is also the world’s largest food company by revenue.

Most people in the US with access to a lawn or a public shared garden can easily grow their own pumpkin/s from seed using organic methods. There are dozens of heirloom pumpkin varieties to choose from, each offering different sizes, shapes, colors, and flavors.

We’ve already made a bunch of new, delicious pumpkin recipes from our pumpkins’ flowers, leaves, seeds, and meat this season. The sweet, intense floral aroma and taste of our organic home-grown heirloom pumpkin puree is a night-and-day difference versus the store-bought canned pumpkin.

We love scooping out and sautéing the seeds, while roasting the pumpkin skin-side-down in preparation for making it into lots of great meals.

Maybe you want to learn how to give ol’ Jack’s soul a place to hide in a homegrown, heirloom pumpkin. Or maybe you want to learn how to eat every part of a pumpkin plant — flowers, leaves, seeds, and flesh. Either way, read on to Part 2 of our Incredible, Edible Pumpkin series!


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